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Mumming spread from the British Isles to a number of former British colonies. There are several traditional songs associated with mumming plays; the "calling-on" songs of sword dance teams are related: "Mummer" and "Guiser" redirect here. Through the 19th century, large groups of disguised (often in blackface) working class young men roamed the streets on New Year's Day, organizing "riotous" processions, firing weapons into the air, and demanding free drinks in taverns, and generally challenging middle and upper-class notions of order and decorum. Other characters include: Old Father Christmas, who introduces some plays, the Fool and Beelzebub or Little Devil Doubt (who demands money from the audience). Some of the characters dance solos as they are introduced, then all dance a longsword dance together, which climaxes with their swords being meshed together to form a "shield". All dress in elaborate costumes. Christmas Songs & Lyrics Index. Love Doesn't Come From the Barrel of a Gun 8. At certain feast days (e.g. Considine worked in Boston for two years or so before moving to California. Mumming groups often wear face-obscuring hats or other kinds of headgear and masks, some mummers' faces are blackened or painted. The principal characters, presented in a wide variety of manners, are a hero, most commonly Saint George, King George, or Prince George (but Robin Hood in the Cotswolds and Galoshin in Scotland), and his chief opponent (known as the Turkish Knight in southern England, but named Slasher elsewhere), and a quack Doctor who comes to restore the dead man to life. "Mummering" is a Newfoundland custom that dates back to the time of the earliest settlers who came from England and Ireland. singing Have yourself a merry little Christmas and maintain the old Christmas tradition of singing In 1831 Sir Walter Scott published a rhyme which had been used as a prelude to the Papa Stour Sword Dance, Shetland in around 1788. It is sometimes performed in the street but more usually during visits to houses and pubs. Holiday Song Book 2017 Bring old-fashioned Christmas caroling to your neighborhood. Fast Kid 7. Mummers' and guisers' plays were formerly performed throughout much of English-speaking Great Britain and Ireland, spreading to other English-speaking parts of the world including Newfoundland and Saint Kitts and Nevis. The region of high rest which Sankhyans reach Yogins attain. Mummers' plays are folk plays performed by troupes of amateur actors, traditionally all male, known as mummers or guisers (also by local names such as rhymers, pace-eggers, soulers, tipteerers, wrenboys, and galoshins).It refers particularly to a play in which a number of characters are called on stage, two of whom engage in a combat, the loser being revived by a doctor character. Howard Keel, Actor: Annie Get Your Gun. [30] It continues to be performed on the Saturday before Christmas each year. Have yourself a merry little Christmas, has become a great favourite with children and kids of all The Tup was usually represented by a boy, bent over forwards, covered with a sack, and carrying a broomstick with a rough, wooden sheep's head attached. Other than this association there is no clear evidence linking these late medieval and early modern customs with English mumming. The mummers are sometimes referred to as wrenboys. Most Southern English versions end with the entrance of "Little Johnny Jack his wife and family on his back". Howard Keel was the Errol Flynn and Clark Gable of " [2] Considine emigrated to the United States of America around 1870. Tradition has it that ploughboys would take their plays from house to house and perform in exchange for money or gifts, some teams pulling a plough and threatened to plough up people's front gardens or path if they did not pay up. The brief play is usually introduced by two characters, an old man and an old woman ("Me and our owd lass"). Leo Tolstoy's novel War and Peace (1869) has a depiction of mummers, including Nikolai Rostov, Natasha Rostova, and Sonya Rostova, making house-to-house visits. While mum(en)schanz was played not only by masked persons, and not only during carnival, the German word mummenschanz nevertheless took on the meaning "costume, masquerade" and, by the 18th century, had lost its association with gambling and dice. Michael Considine of Spancilhill was born about 1850. They are organized into four distinct types of troupes: Comics, Fancies, String Bands, and Fancy Brigades. Spancil Hill, or in original spelling Spancilhill, is a traditional Irish folk ballad composed by Michael Considine (1850–73), who was born in Spancil Hill and migrated to the US. [29] A a book on the White Boys compiled and edited by Stephen Miller was published in 2010; "Who wants to see the White Boys act?" [14][15] Although performed at Christmas, this text is a forerunner of the East Midlands Plough Monday (see below) plays. In the few instances where the dragon appears and speaks its words can be traced back to a Cornish script published by William Sandys in 1833. In north-eastern England the plays are traditionally associated with Sword dances or Rapper dances. Christmas Songs and Carols. The full text ("A petygree of the Plouboys or modes dancers songs") is available online. The Mumming Play in the Isle of Man: A Compendium of Sources. [citation needed], The formation of roving mumming groups became a popular practice so common it became associated with criminal or lewd behaviour, as the use of masks allowed anonymity; in the time of Henry VIII, it was banned for a period. Get started with our piano karaoke instrumental for "Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas". saint's days), a lot of the populace would put on masks, and in practices that vary with geography, celebrate the day. /* christmas songs 728 bottom */ [1902], "SRFN Miscellany: Luck-visiting in the Old South Riding", "Mild weather to highlight 118th Mummers Parade in Philadelphia", Newfoundland & Labrador ICH Update No 12 (Dec 2009), Mystery History : The Origins of British Mummers' Plays, Master Mummers' Directory of Folk Play Groups, South Riding Folk Arts Network: Christmas Luck-visiting customs, The Truro cordwainers' play: a "new" eighteenth-century Christmas play, Comberbach Mummers Website; includes photos plus script for our version of St George and the Dragon, Mummers, Wrenboy and Strawboy traditions in Ireland, Mumming — a Yuletide Tradition by Bridget Haggerty in Ireland, Battery Radio Documentary about Christmas Mummering in Newfoundland, Tewkesbury's Millennia of Mummers' Heritage kept alive - United Kingdom, List of Christmas gift-bringers by country,, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "The Singing of the Travels" was also recorded by the, "The Mummer's Song", performed by the Canadian folk group, This page was last edited on 28 October 2020, at 22:10. Mummers and "guisers" (performers in disguise) can be traced back at least to 1296, when the festivities for the marriage of Edward I's daughter at Christmas included "mummers of the court" along with "fiddlers and minstrels". Chuck Prophet Since his neo-psychedelic Green On Red days, Chuck Prophet has been turning out country, folk, blues, and Brill Building classicism. Despite the frequent presence of Saint George, the Dragon rarely appears although it is often mentioned. The host and hostess of these 'mummers parties' would serve a small lunch which could consist of Christmas cake with a glass of syrup or blueberry or dogberry wine. Through the years We all will be together, If the Fates allow Hang a shining star upon the highest bough. It was based on experience from his childhood. Alaska Highway News Emily Lyle captured the oral history of fourteen people from the lowlands of Scotland recounting their memories of the 'seasonal folk dramas' known as Galoshins.[26]. Unable to suppress the custom, by the 1880s the city government began to pursue a policy of co-option, requiring participants to join organized groups with designated leaders who had to apply for permits and were responsible for their groups actions. Spancil refers to the practice of "spancilling," which was to use a short rope to tie an animal's left fore-leg to its right hind leg, thereby hobbling the animal and stopping it from wandering too far. [31] The parade traces back to mid-17th-century roots, blending elements from Swedish, Finnish, Irish, English, German, and other European heritages, as well as African heritage. As each mummer was identified, they would uncover their faces, but if their true identity is not guessed they did not have to unmask. [citation needed]. Cookie Policy Mumming, at any rate in the South of England, had its heyday at the end of the 19th century and the earliest years of the 20th century. The characters may be introduced in a series of short speeches (usually in rhyming couplets) or they may introduce themselves in the course of the play's action. Pass out the your song sheet to your family and enjoy Mumming was a way of raising money and the play was taken round the big houses. The characters used in that dance are describes in great detail, in particular "The Fool", "The Hobbyhorse" and "The teaser" (called "Betty"). An 'Owd 'Oss play (Old Horse), another dramatised folksong in Yorkshire, was also known from roughly the same area, in the late 19th[22] and early 20th centuries,[23] around Christmas. The fullest early version of a mummers' play text is probably the 1779 "Morrice Dancers'" play from Revesby, Lincolnshire. In 1851, after the Great Famine, there were fewer than 20 houses, so its population was not recorded separately from the townland, whose total population had fallen from 278 in 46 houses to 174 in 34. On documents such as receipts and bills from the late medieval, come details of mumming parties organised by English monarchs, Henry VIII being known for taking his court mumming incognito. The "Plouboys or modes dancers" at Revesby 1779, The Truro cordwainers' play: a "new" eighteenth-century Christmas play — Research article at, "Truro (Formerly Mylor): "A Play for Christmas", 1780s (Full text and notes)", Belfast Christmas Rhyme — Smyth & Lyons (1803–1818), The Old Horse, Sheffield District, Yorkshire, 1888, The Old Horse: Christmas Play from Notts. Best Shirt On 2. [6][5], This article is about the song. Chapbook versions of The Christmas Rhime or The Mummer's Own Book were published in Belfast, c.1803-1818. Johnny Jack's wife and family were either dolls in a model house or sometimes a picture. In failing health, he wrote the poem in memory of the hometown he would not live to see again, and posted it to his young nephew in Ireland. One practice in example was for a group to visit a local manor, and 'sing out' the lord. Later, Henry would ban social mumming, and bring the 'masque' form of entertainment to England. a very "Merry Christmas" and a prosperous New Year. It refers particularly to a play in which a number of characters are called on stage, two of whom engage in a combat, the loser being revived by a doctor character.

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