importance of leadership styles

The Advantages of Knowing Your Leadership Style. Leadership directs the people to attain some goal. The important theories of leadership are discussed below: Trait theory of leadership highlights the personality traits of a successful leader. Trait theories lay emphasis on study of personal features and separated leaders from non leaders or followers while behavioural theories lay emphasis on studying behaviour of leaders and their effects on followers’ performance and their satisfaction. Official position of the authority plays a vital role in this type. Good leaders adapt their leadership style to bring out the best in the people they lead. The theory is designed on the basis of Vroom’s expectancy theory of motivation. A leader should act as a friend, philosopher and guide to the people whom he is leading. Individuals and teams want to know which kinds of decisions require your approval and what your vision is for the company. A leader has to influence subordinates, perceptions of outcome and performance. He is more concerned about his area of specialization. The leadership is exercised in a specific situation, consisting of people and a given environment. According to the theory the effectiveness of leadership depends upon three variables, leader’s position power, leader-member relations and task structure. Privacy Policy 8. This cannot be sustained for long. His position power also depends upon as to degree of reward power he possesses to award a reward to the subordinate perfuming well and punish those lazy subordinates. Psychological traits are still more difficult to measure. In addition to the above types, leadership may be classified into the following types: As the name suggests the leadership is according to functions e.g. This diagram shows managerial grid. Dale Carnegie Training: Inspired Executive Leadership Training. He maintains discipline among his group and develops a sense of responsibility. As against this negative leadership uses coercive methods to motivate subordinates. Blake and Mouton have developed a grid combining task oriented and relations oriented behaviours of leadership’s styles. He should be able to wipe out the differences among his people and unite them as a team and build up team spirit. The point A i.e. According to Keith Davis, “Leadership is the process of encouraging and helping others to work enthusiastically towards objectives.” Leadership must extract cooperation and willingness of the individuals and groups to attain the organisational objectives. It extracts optimum from his subordinates. They are often humble and self-aware, recognising the importance … He should represent his people in and outside the organization. You need to know when they aren't performing well as a team. It suffers from the following weaknesses: 1.

You can also make adjustments to compensate for the drawbacks of your leadership style. 10. Leaders have no personal contacts. B represents high consideration and low initiating structure, C represents high consideration and high initiating structure and D represents low consideration and high initiating structure. The theory does not make distinction between the traits of leadership and those for sustaining it.

7. It changes from situation to situation. Theories on leadership exhibit the evolution of thoughts and development in thinking process from one dimension of leadership to the other. It exhibits strict attitude and very close supervision towards employees to get high level of production. Leader influences his followers and followers also exercise influence over his leader. An autocratic leader makes quick decisions and expects her orders to be followed. Many traits can be acquired through learning, training and education. The theory tries to predict effectiveness of leadership in various situations. She rules by power of personality. However, be careful that your orders are well received and understood. His subordinates remain under threat and fear. Effectiveness of leadership cannot be solely determined by traits alone.

It takes them into confidence, issues orders and interprets them, recognizes the talents among subordinates and delegates authority for proper implementation of his orders. (9, 1) represents low concern for people and high concern for production.

These are the characteristics of theories. The negative leaders dominate subordinates through false exhibition of superiority. Some of the traits are also possessed by those who are not leaders. The importance of leadership in society should not be underestimated. 2. Analyses of actual leadership behaviour in wide variety of situations were made and researchers at Ohio State University have identified two leadership dimensions.

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